Cyber security relates to the systems and processes that individuals and organisations have in place to protect their devices, data and networks from cyber-attacks. The core function of cyber security is to prevent any unauthorised access that could lead to theft or damage of such devices and data, but it also helps to detect and manage any attacks that are taking place.
The tech industry is evolving rapidly, and it is clear to see that we are becoming heavily dependent on technology on a day-to-day basis. From online shopping to virtual meetings, technology has become a fundamental part of the modern era, allowing us to live a more convenient lifestyle. However, this convenience comes at a cost. As we begin to incorporate technology into every aspect of our lives, from our homes to every sector imaginable, there are increasing opportunities for cyber attackers and hackers to make their move. Unfortunately, these attacks are becoming more and more sophisticated with every entity, no matter how big or small, becoming a potential target. Thus, highlighting the importance of cyber security.
What skills are needed for cyber security?
Many skills are needed in the cyber security space, such as:
Attention to detail
Logic and reasoning
Oral and written skills
As the threat of cyber-attacks looms over individuals and big corporations, there is an increasing demand for cyber security specialists. When entering the world of cyber security, it is important that employees have developed and honed the necessary skills that can make them successful in their role and leave their clients protected from malicious attacks. Having an equal mix of technical and soft skills is vital if you are looking to pursue a career in this in-demand field.
There are several different routes that can be taken when entering a career in cyber security. All of which require the skills listed above. Some examples include; penetration tester, security architect, security consultant and security incidence response.
In regards to education, it is not a requirement to have a university degree if you are looking to start your professional career in cyber security. If you do consider university, STEM degrees are advantageous as it will give you a strong foundation to start building your career in the cyber world. Apprenticeships are also a great way to get your foot into the cyber security world, with the opportunity to study and work simultaneously.
Training courses for those in their early careers are a good way to build knowledge and gain work experience. For example:
Certified Cyber Security Foundation
Certified Cyber Security Practitioner
NCSC Certified Training
Once you have a thorough foundation in cyber security and have worked in the industry for a good number of years, expert level training courses such as: CISM, CCNP and CISA can be attained.
Overall, cyber security is the solution to reducing the risk of cyber-attacks. Individuals and organisations are heavily investing in cyber security as cyber attacks are becoming more imminent. The need for cyber security experts in the UK remains at an all-time high, with the pandemic further highlighting the frequency of cyber attacks on people and corporations.